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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 5. Correspondence, Original, Secretary of State
Date 5 Jan 1877 - 16 Jan 1878
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/121
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from Trinidad, Jamaica, British Guiana, Barbados, Grenada, Mauritius, Natal and Fiji and well as correspondence from individuals grouped alphabetically. Documents include correspondence and minutes regarding the arrival of shipping and the condition of indentured labourers, the need for new labourers, reports of Emigration Agents, treaty modifications, amendments to acts and Agent salaries.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Germany; China; India; Great Britain
Country (to) Trinidad; Jamaica; British Guiana; Barbados; Grenada; Mauritius; South Africa; Fiji; Brazil; Canada
Places Venezuela; Peru; Guatemala; Hawaii, United States; Trinidad; Jamaica; British Guiana; Barbados; Grenada; Mauritius; Fiji; Brazil; Canada; Germany; Nevis; Antigua
Ports Natal, South Africa; Hong Kong, China
Nationality Chinese; Polynesian; Indian; German
Ships Neva; Tourmaline; Jura; Piako; Tourmaline; Stormbird; Brenda; Hermione
People Bramston, Sir John; Meade, Sir Robert Henry; Herbert, Sir Robert G W; Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Lowther, James; Birch, Ernest Woodford
Keywords emigration, government, finance, assisted migration, supplies, ships, employment, agent, women, labour, port, religion, medicine, employment, crime, death, living conditions
Additional Information The following foliated pages were not captured as they were blank: Folio 101 / 131 / 293 / 525 / 635 / 764.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 3. Despatches: West Indies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 4. Offices: Agents and India
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK