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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indies
Date 2 Jan-15 Aug 1878
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/118
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from British Guiana, Trinidad, Jamaica, Grenada and St Vincent regarding the arrival of, shipping and the condition of Indian and Chinese indentured labourers. Includes Reports of Emigration Agents and the details of executions of indentured labourers for murder and manslaughter. Also contains information on the decision to change the job title of Immigration Agent General to Protector General of Immigrants.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) China; India
Country (to) British Guiana; Trinidad; Jamaica; Grenada; St Lucia
Ports Calcutta, India
Nationality Indian; Chinese
Ships Artist; Shiela; Jura; Silbet; Bullochmyle; Naturalist; King Arthur; Pandora; Senator; Howrah; Leodonis; Cheetah; Boyne; Neva; Hesperides; Sussex
People Bramston, Sir John; Meade, Sir Robert Henry; Herbert, Sir Robert George Wyndham; Lord Cadogan (Cadogan, George Henry); Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Lowther, James; Ebden, R P
Keywords emigration, government, finance, assisted migration, supplies, ships, employment, agent, women, labour, port, religion, medicine, employment, free passage, health and sickness
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 3. Despatches: West Indies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 4. Offices: Agents and India
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 5. Correspondence, Original, Secretary of State
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