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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Date 23 Oct 1877 - 24 Jan 1879
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/117
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from mainly Eastern and Australian colonies regarding labour laws, ship licences, the conveyance of Indian and Chinese labourers, financial claims and the suspension of assisted passages.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) India; China; Great Britain
Country (to) Mauritius; Japan; South Africa; British Guiana; Trinidad; United States of America; Australia; Peru; China
Ports Hong Kong, China
Nationality Chinese; Indian; Malaysian
Ships Charter Oak; Perusia; Stormbird; Windsor Castle
People Earl St Aldwyn (Hicks Beach, Sir Michael); Bramston, Sir John; Meade, Sir Robert Henry; Herbert, Sir Robert George Wyndham; Lord Cadogan (Cadogan, George Henry)
Keywords emigration, government, finance, assisted migration, supplies, ships, employment, agent, women, labour, port, religion, medicine, employment, free passage, health and sickness
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 3. Despatches: West Indies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 4. Offices: Agents and India
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1878. Volume 5. Correspondence, Original, Secretary of State
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