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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 4. Companies, Agents, and Individuals
Date 12 Nov 1889 - 31 Dec 1890
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/179
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Correspondence regarding indentured labourers transported to from Calcutta to various colonies in the Caribbean. Subject matter ranges from the number of indentured labourers requested by employers, the welfare of the indentured labourers, the emigrant ships, ports, and the proposed abolition of the free return passage.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) India
Country (to) British Guiana; Trinidad; Jamaica; St Lucia
Places St. Lucia; Jamaica; Sri Lanka; British Guiana; New South Wales, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia; Canada; Fiji; Mauritius
Ports Calcutta, India; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian
Ships Ganges; Foyle; Brenda; Hereford; British Peer; Volgar; Allanshaw
People Holland, Lord Henry; Baron Pirbright (de Worms, Baron Henry); Nourse, James; Comins, D.D
Keywords leprosy, measles, health and sickness, death, wealth, family, finance, labour, ships, ports, sugar, industry, passenger, agent, colony, finance, insanity, death, disease, farming, food, journey conditions
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 1, Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Colonies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indian Colonies (Except Trinidad)
Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 3. Correspondence – Secretary of State. Despatches: Trinidad. Offices and Companies
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK