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Title Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 1, Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Colonies
Date 8 Jan 1890 - 19 Feb 1891
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript; Report
Reference CO 384/176
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches on Indian and Chinese emigration and Immigration in Eastern and Australian colonies, including information on murder trials, savings accounts, return passages, appointment of medical officers and Immigration Agents, hospitals and labourer conditions.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) India; China
Country (to) Sri Lanka; Mauritius; Seychelles; Réunion; Malaysia; Fiji; Australia; St Helena; South Africa; West Indies; Malta; Falkland Islands; Dominica; Canada; Singapore
Ports Hong Kong, China; Calcutta, Madras, India; South Australia, Australia; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian; Chinese
Ships Rhone; Allanshaw
People Conran, J G; Asirwadam, D; Laverimouton, M; Conran, D
Keywords legislation, government, Coolie, finance, remigration, wages, labour, labourer, medical staff, agent, surgeon, marriage, divorce, hospital, plantation, factory, industry, vagrancy, sugar, execution, murder, leprosy, health and sickness, death, exploitation
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indian Colonies (Except Trinidad)
Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 3. Correspondence – Secretary of State. Despatches: Trinidad. Offices and Companies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 4. Companies, Agents, and Individuals
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK