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Title Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 3. Correspondence – Secretary of State. Despatches: Trinidad. Offices and Companies
Date 4 Nov 1889 - 6 Oct 1891
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/178
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches primarily from Trinidad discussing recruitment and return passages of indentured labourers. Includes detail of land grants made in lieu of return passages, murders committed, immigration returns and ship arrivals. Also includes details on children sent to Canada by the West Ham Union, Italian emigration to Western Australia, pamphlets produced by the Emigrants' Information Office and emigration to Argentina and the Falkland Islands.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Remigration
Country (from) China; India; Java; Italy; Portugal; Germany; Great Britain
Country (to) Trinidad; Peru; Borneo; Australia; Argentina; Falkland Islands; Singapore; Malaysia; Guadeloupe; Canada; Mauritius; St Lucia; South Africa; Surinam
Places Queensland, Western Australia, Tasmania, Australia; Azores, Portugal
Ports Hong Kong, China; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian; Chinese; Javanese; Italian; Scottish; African; English
Ships Jura; Hereford; Grecian; Bruce; Ganges; Brenda
People Gorrie, Sir J; Lewis, L; Mahoney, F J; Stone, H C; Clark, A J; Nourse, James; Clarke, S; Mitchell, Charles Bullen Hugh; Comins, Dr D D; Gibbon, F; Muir, R; Rumbold, Sir H
Keywords government, legislation, shipping, health and sickness, accommodation, medical staff, surgeon, agent, settlement, colony, transport, finance, death, employment, women, female emigration, provisions, assisted emigration, passenger, labourer, land grant, Coolie, leprosy, marriage, divorce, plantation, crime, murder, execution, statistics, immigration, taxation, yaws, poverty, children
Additional Information The following foliated pages were not captured as they were blank: Folio 41 / 53 / 291 / 293 / 295 / 297 / 299 / 301 / 317 / 319 / 321 / 329 / 337 / 381 / 426 / 439 / 514 / 522 / 533 / 547 / 556 / 590 / 656 / 733.
Language English; French
Document(s) linked to Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 1, Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Colonies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indian Colonies (Except Trinidad)
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1890. Volume 4. Companies, Agents, and Individuals
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK