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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 3. Jamaica and Windward Islands Despatches
Date 5 Jan 1884 - 3 Feb 1885
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/150
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from colonial staff posted in the West Indies to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. These letters relate largely to the movement of indentured labourers around the Colonies, with a particular emphasis on Chinese labourers and the remigration of workers, as well as detailing particular colonies' requirements for workers. Reports on the exodus of indentured workers to Panama and the results on the labour market in the West Indies are also included. These letters shed light on general administration, such as staff appointments and wages.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) Jamaica; China; Fiji; India; Grenada; Trinidad; St Lucia; St Vincent; Barbados
Country (to) Panama; Jamaica; China; Fiji; India; Grenada; Trinidad; St Lucia; St Vincent; Barbados
Places Panama Canal, Panama; Kingston, Jamaica
Ports Calcutta, Madras, India; Hong Kong, China
Nationality Indian; Chinese; English
Ships Prinz Alexander; Jumna; Bracadaile; Argyle; Lightning; Chetah; Howrah; Poonah
People Wingfield, Edward; Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward); Herbert, Sir Robert George Wyndham; Ashley, Evelyn; Robinson, Sir William; Gore, Augustus Frederick; Norman, Sir Henry Wylie
Keywords murder, execution, crime, railway, canal, wages, cholera, quarantine, school, education, labour, labourers, land grant, skilled migration, sugar, plantations, hospital, tax, epidemic
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 1. Eastern and Australian Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 2. British Guiana and Trinidad Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 4. Correspondence, Original, Secretary of State. Despatches: Leeward Islands and Miscellaneous. Foreign Office
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 5. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 6. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK