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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 4. Correspondence, Original, Secretary of State. Despatches: Leeward Islands and Miscellaneous. Foreign Office
Date 5 Jan 1884 - 3 Feb 1885
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/151
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence to and from the Secretary of State for the Colonies regarding the movement of labourers around the Colonies. These letters are particularly concerned with the introduction of Chinese workers into the labour markets in Canada, Hawaii and Africa, as well as the rights held by Indian workers to return passages at the end of their indenture. Other topics include general administration such as staff appointments and wages, emigration schemes for the Irish and details of legislation governing immigration.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Remigration; Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation
Country (from) Great Britain; Germany; Ireland; Portugal; St Kitts; Nevis; Antigua; St Helena; Jamaica; British Guiana; China; Mexico; United States of America; India
Country (to) South Africa; Canada; Gambia; Peru; Cape Verde; Brazil; Singapore; Malaysia; Indonesia; Sri Lanka; St Kitts; Nevis; Antigua; St Helena; Jamaica; British Guiana; China; Mexico; United States of America; India
Places Toronto, Ottawa, Ontario, British Columbia, Manitoba, Quebec, Canada; Shantou, Peking, Amoy, China; Honolulu, Hawaii, United States; Azores, Portugal; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Pietermaritzburg, Durban, South Africa; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Labuan, Malaysia
Ports Calcutta, India; Natal, South Africa; Hong Kong, China
Nationality Siamese; Danish; French; Norwegian; American; Dutch; Spanish; Mexican; Jamaican; Chinese; Indian; Irish; German; English
Ships British Peer; Bracadaile; Glücksburg; Piccola
People Wingfield, Edward; Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward); Herbert, Sir Robert George Wyndham; Ashley, Evelyn; Earl Granville (Leveson-Gower, Granville George); Bulwer, Henry Ernest Gascoyne; Hamilton-Gordon, Arthur
Keywords wages, Irish emigration, emigration scheme, hospital, water supply, pauper, destitution, legislation, quarantine, murder, Indian Immigration Law, family, indenture, assisted passage, journey conditions, labour, labourers
Language English; Tamil
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 1. Eastern and Australian Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 2. British Guiana and Trinidad Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 3. Jamaica and Windward Islands Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 5. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 6. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK