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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 6. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Date 4 Jan 1884 - 14 Feb 1885
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/153
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from the Colonial offices of Hong Kong, Mauritius, Fiji, Straits Settlements, Jamaica, British Guiana, India and Natal. Documents cover female domestic service, state aided emigration, the scarcity of women migrants, invalid and insane indentured labourers, the need for further recruitment of indentured labourers, expenditure of agencies, the erection of depots and individual correspondence regarding colonial migration.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) India; China; Ireland; Great Britain
Country (to) Fiji; St Lucia; South Africa; British Guiana; Mauritius; Jamaica; Mauritius; Mexico; Canada
Ports Calcutta, India; Natal, South Africa; Hong Kong, China
Nationality Irish; Indian; Chinese
Ships Duke of Argyll; Syria; Bruce; Poonah; Foyle; Sheila
People Bramston, Sir John; Meade, Sir Robert Henry; Herbert, Sir Robert G W; Earl of Derby (Stanley, Sir Edward Henry); Wingfield, Edward
Keywords emigration, government, finance, assisted migration, supplies, ships, employment, agent, women, labour, port, employment, living conditions, education, death, domestic service
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 1. Eastern and Australian Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 2. British Guiana and Trinidad Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 3. Jamaica and Windward Islands Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 4. Correspondence, Original, Secretary of State. Despatches: Leeward Islands and Miscellaneous. Foreign Office
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 5. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK