The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 3. Despatches: Trinidad, Windward and Leeward Islands and Jamaica
Date 8 Jan 1880 - 21 Feb 1881; 4 Feb 1882
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/129
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from officials in West Indies to the Secretary of State for the Colonies. Material includes immigrant ship arrival reports, staff appointments and general administration, annual reports from the Protector of Immigrants, reports regarding the treatment and condition of indentured workers and legislation regarding the regulation of immigration.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) India; China; British Guiana; Cuba; Jamaica
Country (to) India; China; British Guiana; Cuba; Jamaica; Trinidad; St Vincent; Grenada; Barbados; St Lucia; St Kitts; Nevis; Antigua; Dominica
Places Kingston, Jamaica
Ports Calcutta, India
Nationality Indian; Chinese; English; Cuban
Ships Sheila; Brenda; Jura; Ailsa; Artist; Bann; Jumna; Foyle; Cheetah; Buckinghamshire; Gainsborough; Poonah; Warwick Castle; Hereford; Merchantman; Robert Lees; Lightning; Leonidas; Latona; Sea Queen; Duke of Argyll; Woodburn; Loch Lamond; Neva; Mofussilite; Patrician; Lincelles; Salisbury
People Irving, Sir Henry Turner; Earl St Aldwyn (Hicks Beach, Sir Michael); Lord Cadogan (Cadogan, George Henry); Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Young, William A G; Musgrave, Anthony; Dundas, George; Berkeley, Sir George; Strahan, Sir George Cumine
Keywords journey conditions, Thiers' Automatic Ventilator, labour, labourers, sugar, plantation, wages, compounders, Immigration Protection and Regulation Law 1879
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 4. Offices (except Agents) and Companies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK