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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Date 9 Jan 1880 - 15 Mar 1881
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/127
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from the Colonial offices of Hong Kong, Mauritius, Fiji, Straits Settlements, Australia and Natal. Documents include immigration returns, correspondence regarding applications for employment, immigration regulations, immigrant petitions for schools, and methods for encouraging migration.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Germany; Great Britain; China; India
Country (to) Canada; South Africa; Antigua; Mauritius
Places Mauritius; Fiji; Malaysia; Singapore; Australia; Canada
Ports Natal, South Africa; Hong Kong, China
Nationality German; English; Welsh; Scottish; Irish; Chinese; Indian
Ships Dartmouth
People Bramston, Sir John; Meade, Sir Robert Henry; Herbert, Sir Robert G W; Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Lowther, James; Birch, Ernest Woodford
Keywords emigration, government, finance, assisted migration, supplies, ships, employment, agent, women, labour, port, employment, living conditions, education
Additional Information The following foliated pages were not captured as they were blank: Folio 64 / 101 / 231 / 361 / 456 / 718 / 876 / 877.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 3. Despatches: Trinidad, Windward and Leeward Islands and Jamaica
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 4. Offices (except Agents) and Companies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK