The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Date 2 Jan 1880 - 16 Mar 1881
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/131
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from and regarding emigration agents and surgeons from across the Colonies. Much of the material consists of administration such as financing, staff appointments, pensions and salaries, as well as investigating charges against surgeons and agents. Also included are many lists of approved nominated emigrants and the ships they sailed on complete with date and destination.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Remigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Germany; Denmark; Jamaica; Australia; British Guiana; Trinidad; India; China; St Lucia; Grenada; Mauritius; Surinam; Réunion; St Vincent; Fiji; Nevis; Seychelles; St Helena
Country (to) Jamaica; Australia; British Guiana; Trinidad; India; China; St Lucia; Grenada; Mauritius; Surinam; Réunion; St Vincent; Fiji; Nevis; Seychelles; St Helena; Malaysia
Places Demerara, British Guiana; Hermannsberg, Germany; Oldham, England; Durban, Transvaal, South Africa; Dublin, Ireland; Tasmania, Australia; Copenhagen, Denmark
Ports Calcutta, Madras, India; London, Liverpool, Southampton, England; Natal, South Africa; Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; Chinese; Indian; African; Polynesian; German; Danish
Ships Cheetah; Howrah; Chalgrove; Berar; Newcastle; Lightning; Durban; Kinfauns Castle; Anglian; Conway Castle; Dublin Castle; African; Warwick Castle; Balmoral Castle; Nyanza; Dunrobin Castle; Asiatic; Pretoria; Trojan; Arab; Sheila; Malabar; Foyle; Plassy; Bann; Lassa; Zenobia; British Nation; Jura; North; Ellora; Noumea; Silhet; Poonah
People Lord Cadogan (Cadogan, George Henry); Earl St Aldwyn (Hicks Beach, Sir Michael); Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Irving, Sir Henry Turner; Musgrave, Anthony; Grant Duff, Monstuart Elphintstone
Keywords journey conditions, return passage, remigration, emigration scheme, education, assisted passage, nominated skilled migration, land grants, sickness, health, leper, Thiers' Automatic Ventilator, labour, labourers
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 3. Despatches: Trinidad, Windward and Leeward Islands and Jamaica
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 4. Offices (except Agents) and Companies
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK