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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Date 3 Jan 1880 - 4 Mar 1881
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/128
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from the Governor of British Guiana and draft replies. Letters mostly comprise of surgeon's reports of ships carrying indentured worker to and from British Guiana and emigration and immigration returns. The material also covers staff appointments and administration, conditions and equipment on board immigrant ships, and correspondence regarding workers' rights to return passages and land grants.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) Great Britain; China; India; St Helena; South Africa; British Guiana; Trinidad; Barbados; Madeira; Malta; Cape de Verde; Portugal; Mauritius
Country (to) British Guiana; India; China; Trinidad; Barbados; South Africa; St Helena; Mauritius
Places Demerara, Essequibo, Berbice, British Guiana; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Ports Calcutta, India; Natal, South Africa; Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana
Nationality Indian; Chinese; English; African; Portuguese
Ships Lightning; Silhet; Dartmouth; Plassey; Lassa; North; Ellora; Berar; Newcastle; Rohilla; Aldergrove; Howrah; Poonah; Malabar; Buckinghamshire; Landford; Empress Engenie; Blue Jacket; Camilla Mitchell; White Eagle; Queen of the East; Henry Mooze; Gitana; Gipsy Bride; Ganges; Clarence; Wellesley; Enmore; Ailsa; St Kilda; Barbadian; Eider; Tiber; Annie Florence; Suffolk; Surpreza; Ligeira; Solent; Linguist; Artist; Botanist; Syria; King Arthur; Pandora; Despatch; Corsair; Fidelio; A.J. Raymond; Ubaldiena; Graciosa; Galgo; Black Eagle; Mayflower; Jura; Neva; Brilliant; Camacho I; Raonoake; Gomes De Castro; Novo Mathilde; Joven Emilia; Sheila; Ballochmyle; Sussex; Senator; Naturalist; Hesperides; Boyne; Maria Eddelina; Arno; Philosopher
People Crosby, James; Earl St Aldwyn (Hicks Beach, Sir Michael); Kortright, Cornelius H; Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Lord Cadogan (Cadogan, George Henry)
Keywords plantation, dysentery, cholera, leprosy, execution, murder, surgeon, journey conditions, labour, labourers
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 1. Despatches: Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 3. Despatches: Trinidad, Windward and Leeward Islands and Jamaica
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 4. Offices (except Agents) and Companies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1880. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK