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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 3. Despatches: British Guiana
Date 1 Apr 1886 - 26 Jan 1887
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/161
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Despatches from British Guiana regarding the immigration and return of Indian labourers. There are several instances of charges being raised against Mr A. H. Alexander, the Immigration Agent General. Includes details of ship arrivals and departures and health of the immigrant labourers. Also details criminal investigations, executions and employment contracts.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Remigration
Country (from) British Guiana; India
Country (to) British Guiana; India
Places Demerara, British Guiana; Calcutta, Chennai, India
Ports Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana; Calcutta, India
Nationality Indian
Ships Main; Hereford; Avoca; Bann; May; Foyle; Versailles
People Chitty, H Thompson; Alexander, A H; Hardwicke, Dr E A; Bruce, Sir Charles; Swan, R A; Grieve, Dr; Earl Granville (Leveson-Gower, Granville George); Fortescue, Captain; Porter, Lieutenant General George; Stanhope, Edward; Earl of Derby (Stanley, Frederick Arthur)
Keywords law, marriage, death, execution, coolie, labourer, complaints, indentured labour, finance, medical services, audit, crime, surgeon, report, murder, manslaughter, negligence, plantation, plantation conditions, compensation, evidence, audit, property, inquiry, treasury, accounts, supplies, provisions, birth, health, sickness, measles, diarrhoea, dysentery, fever
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian, West Indian (Except British Guiana), and Miscellaneous Colonies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 4. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Emigration, 1886, Volume 5. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK