The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian, West Indian (Except British Guiana), and Miscellaneous Colonies
Date 7 Jan 1886 - 12 Jan 1887
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript; Report
Reference CO 384/159
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches concerning Indian labour in the West Indies and Natal. Includes appointment of immigration agents, inspection of conditions and water supplies, suspension of immigration to Jamaica, return passages, condition of shipping and murders in Natal. Also includes reports on orphan pauper children living in Canada.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) China; India; Great Britain
Country (to) Canada; Jamaica; Mauritius; Windward Islands; Malaysia; Trinidad; Jamaica; Grenada; St Vincent; St Kitts Nevis; Leeward Islands; St Helena; South Africa
Ports Madras, Calcutta, India; Hong Kong, China; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian; Chinese; English
Ships Brenda; Bann; St Kilda; Boyne; Bruce; Jura; Mairi Bhan; Lightning
People Conran, J G; Carruthers, F J; Forster, Nassau William; Earl Granville (Leveson-Gower, Granville George); Mitchell, Charles; Kingdon, Alfred
Keywords legislation, government, Coolie, finance, remigration, wages, labour, labourer, medical staff, agent, surgeon, plantation, health and sickness, death, shipping, emigration, accommodation, poverty, religion, hospital, education, sanitation, crime, murder, execution, passenger, provisions, quarantine, inheritance, children, medicine, livestock
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 3. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 4. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Emigration, 1886, Volume 5. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK