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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1874. Volume 3. Offices and Individuals
Date 6 Jan 1874 - 25 Jan 1875
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/104
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from government offices such as the India Office and Foreign Office regarding the emigration of British citizens to locations in the West Indies and South America, and the movement of Indian and Chinese indentured workers. Many printed despatches and reports are included. Topics include emigration admin (salary, staffing, audits, accounts), mortality on passenger vessels, discontent of indentured workers and their rights, as well as British citizens in distress. There are also several references to immigration and emigration legislation.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Journey Conditions; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations; Remigration
Country (from) Great Britain; France; Holland; Germany; Netherlands; India; China
Country (to) Canada; Jamaica; British Guiana; Trinidad; Sri Lanka; China; Indonesia; Japan; Africa; Mauritius; St. Helena; Madeira; South Africa; Aden; Egypt; Malta; Mexico; Falkland Islands; Australia; New Zealand; India; Dutch Guiana; Trinidad; Surinam; Martinique; Leeward Islands; St Vincent; Panama; Cuba; Paraguay; Argentina; Brazil; Venezuela; Peru; Grenada
Places New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, Newfoundland, British Columbia, Prince Edward's Island, Canada; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Alexandria, Egypt; New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, Australia; Calcutta, Madras, Bengal, Pondicherry, India; Demerara, British Guiana; Fort William, Scotland; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Rio de Janeiro, Bahia, Paranaque, Assunguy, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Peking, Canton, China; Caracas, Venezuela
Ports Paramaribo, Surinam; Gravesend, London, Plymouth, Liverpool, Southampton, Bristol, Dartmouth, Falmouth, England; Glasgow, Greenock, Scotland; Cork, Londonderry, Belfast, Dublin, Ireland; Cardiff, Newport, Swansea, Wales; Hong Kong, China; Natal, South Africa
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; Welsh; German; French; Portuguese; Chinese; Indian; Dutch; Brazilian; African; Argentinian; Mexican; Jamaican; Japanese; Martinican; Venezuelan
Ships Indus; Ganges; Kate Kellock; Rohilla; Trevelyan; Sir Henry Lawrence; Enmore; Gainsborough; Woodburn; Rosita; Corona; Golden Fleece; Northfleet; Atlantic; Dilharee; Neva; Soukar
People Herbert, Robert G W; Holland, Henry Thurstan; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Walcott, Stephen; Merrivale, Herman; Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Earl of Derby (Stanley, Sir Edward Henry); Longden, Sir James Robert; Duke of Argyll (Campbell, George); Marquis of Salisbury (Gascoyne-Cecil, Robert); Baron Pauncefote (Pauncefote, Sir Julian); Ommanney, Sir Montagu Frederick
Keywords hospital, medical staff, surgeon, health, illness, sickness, Coolies, India Office, riots, death, mortality, cholera, discontent, trial, audit, accounts, sugar, plantations, wages, indentured labour, Immigration Ordinance, trade, tobacco, crime, murder, infanticide, destitution, St Patrick's Society, Navy, assisted migration, emigration returns, Passengers' Act, Merchant Shipping Act, London and North Western Railway, rations
Language English; French; Spanish; Portuguese
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1874. Volume I. Dispatches: Windward Islands, Leeward Islands, Trinidad, Jamaica
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1874. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK