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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1874. Volume I. Dispatches: Windward Islands, Leeward Islands, Trinidad, Jamaica
Date 5 Dec 1873 - 13 Jan 1875
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/102
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Dispatches related to emigration and immigration of indentured labourers from India and China to the West Indies. Includes information on immigration agents, plantation owners, immigration returns, murder cases and disease on board emigrant ships.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) India; China; Sierra Leone; South Africa
Country (to) Windward Islands; Leeward Islands; Trinidad; Jamaica; St Kitts; Nevis
Places Grenada; Barbados; St Vincent; Tobago; St Lucia; Demerara, British Guiana; Bengal; Calcutta, India
Ports Port of Spain, Trinidad; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian; Chinese; African
Ships Gainsborough; Syria; Brockham; Jumna; Winchester; Woodburn; Wiltshire; Dilharree; Rajah of Cochin; John Allan; Colmonell; Hourah; Atalanta; Ganges; Liverpool; Ellenborough; Sevilla; Ameilla; Albert Victor; Malabone; Poonah; Arima; Flying Foam; Indus; Duke of Argyll; Loch Lomond; Aliquis; Merchantman; Hereford; Salisbury; Humber; Sea Queen; Lincelles; Lalona; Stockbridge; Alnwick Castle
People Freeling, Lieutenant Governor Sandford; Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Rawson, Sir Rawson William; Campbell, Alexander Augustus Melfort
Keywords emigration, government, colony, finance, exploitation, religion, wages, shipping, death, crime, employment, murder, labourer, labour, health and sickness, journey conditions, food, sanitation, cholera, surgeon, measles, execution, dysentery, disease, Coolie
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1874. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1874. Volume 3. Offices and Individuals
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK