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Title The Committee for Promoting the Emigration of Females to the Australian Colonies
Date c.1834
Document Type Printed Extract
Reference CO 384/35
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Report on the emigrants who went to Australia on the "Bussorah Merchant", a list of the clothing and possessions required by any female wishing to emigrate and an advertisement for a sailing from Gravesend specifically for female emigrants.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia
Ports Sydney, New South Wales, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia; Gravesend, England
Nationality English
Ships Bussorah Merchant; Layton
People Marshall, John; Forster, Edward
Keywords female emigration, employment, morality, religion, wages, colony, farming, clothing, provisions, surgeon, medical staff
Additional Information This document is part of CO 384/35 from The National Archives, UK.
Language English
Original Volume Emigration. North America and Australia, 1834. Volume 1, Committee and Agents. Emigration Committee: Mr Marshall, Mr Buchanan and the Agents
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK