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Title The Colonial Gazette, A Weekly Journal, 'Ships, Colonies, and Commerce', Volume Fourth, 1842
Date 1842
Document Type Periodical
Reference CO 386/193
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Copies of 'The Colonial Gazette', nos. 163-214 published in London from 5 January to 28 December 1842. The Colonial Gazette was a weekly, non-partisan periodical published at the office of the 'Spectator', intended for a colonial readership. Includes a detailed index at the front of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Ships and Shipping Lines; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies
Places London, England; Africa; United States; Canada; West Indies; Brazil; New Zealand; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; New South Wales, Tasmania, Australia; Canada
Ports Wellington, New Zealand; Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Nationality English; European
People Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Earl Russell (Russell, Lord John); Franklin, Sir John; Lord Bathurst (Bathurst, Lord Henry); Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward)
Keywords shipping, newspaper, commerce, trade, colony, colonisation, indigenous people, politics, construction, expansion, bridges, finance, government, parliament, legislation, court, export, import, market, loan, banking, pauper, poverty, Corn Laws, unemployment, employment, push factors, manufacturing, industry, agent, conflict
Language English
Document(s) linked to The Colonial Gazette, A Weekly Journal, 'Ships, Colonies, and Commerce', Volume Third, 1841
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK