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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to Emigration Agents and Colonial Secretaries, touching on paid passages, Adelaide
Date 21 Dec 1849 - 27 Apr 1850
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/126
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Correspondence regarding migration to Adelaide and Cape Town. Includes lists of emigrants making the journey and details of people who cannot make their scheduled journey due to illness, for example the Jennings family, who are ineligible due to their eldest son’s asthma.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia
Ports Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Cape Town, South Africa
Ships Trafalgar; Sultana; Duke of Bedford
People Young, Sir Henry; Grey, Lord; Smith, Sir Harry
Keywords emigration, emigrant, children, health and sickness, death, family
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK