The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration (General), 1853. Public Offices, Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners, Volume 1
Date 4 Jan 1853 - 9 Feb 1854
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/90
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence of the Land Board regarding the administration, accounts and expenditure of emigration officers, emigration returns and comparative emigration returns, and breaches of the Passengers' Act and resulting penalties. Much of the material regards emigration to Australia.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Australia; United States of America; New Zealand; Canada
Places Queenstown, New Zealand; New York, Boston, Philadelphia, New Orleans, United States
Ports London, Liverpool, Plymouth, Southampton, Birkenhead, England; Glasgow, Greenock, Scotland; Belfast, Cork, Dublin, Londonderry, Limerick, Sligo, Waterford and New Ross, Galway, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; Swedish
Ships St George; City of Glasgow; Harmonia; Sarah Sands
People Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward; Merrivale, Herman; Elliot, Thomas Frederick; Peel, Sir Frederick; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Walcott, Stephen; Duke of Newcastle (Pelham-Clinton, Henry Pelham)
Keywords emigration returns, fire, shipwreck, Liverpool & Philadelphia Steam Ship Company, Passengers' Act, penalty, sickness, accounts, expenditure
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (General), 1853. Miscellaneous Offices and Individuals, Volume 2
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK