The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration. North America, 1849
Date 21 Nov 1848 - 2 Oct 1849
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/83
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Documents and correspondence regarding emigration from Great Britain to Canada and the United States, including details of emigration, Emigration Acts and passenger lists.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Canada; Australia; United States of America
Places New York City, United States
Ports Southampton, England
Nationality English; Scottish; Irish
People Lord Howick (Grey, Henry); Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Hawes, Benjamin; Merivale, Herman
Keywords emigration, colony, petition, settlement, land, travel, passenger, government, assisted emigration, money, ship, health and sickness
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Printed Documents in this Volume Medical Inspectors' Note
Ninth General Report of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners
Passengers Arriving in the United States
Laws Concerning the Commissioners of Emigrants of the City of New York
Commissioners of Emigration. Laws of 1849
Testimonials of Mr. Henchy's Counduct and Zeal, as managing Director of the Incorporated Colonial Association of Ireland, Which Office He Resigned Lately, in Consequence of the Transfer of the Board to London
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK