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Title Emigration. North America and Australia, 1838. Volume 2. June to August. Agent-General Elliot
Date 4 Jun-13 Aug 1838
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/47
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of correspondence relating to emigration and assisted emigration from Great Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland to Australia. Correspondence relates to Thomas Frederick Elliot of the Colonial Office. Includes several letters recommending pay for ship surgeons and outlining emigrant numbers on various ships. There is also a report and some discussion of the Committee of Highland Distress.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Australia; South Africa; Brazil
Places Fort William, Edinburgh, Glen Urquhart, Fort George, Campbeltown, Inverness, Invergowrie, Sutherland, Caithness, Gareloch, Tobermoray, Mull, Argyll, Scotland; Sydney, New South Wales, South Australia, Australia; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Ports Limerick, Cork, Belfast, Ireland;
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Bussorah Merchant; Parland; Mandarin; William Roger; Lady Nugent; Asia; Boyne; Westminster; Lady Kennaway; Woodbridge; Palmira; Duncan; Calcutta; St George; Minerva; Charles Kerr; Lady McNaughton; Limerick; Arontes; William Nicoll
People Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Lord Glenelg (Grant, Charles); Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward); Barrow, Sir John
Keywords finance, report, shipwreck, insurance, provisions, medicine, health, sickness, convict, employment, family, government, parliament, salary, agriculture, trade, labourer, child migration, education, assisted migration, surgeon, navy, admiralty
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. North America and Australia, 1838. Volume 1. January to May. Agent-General Elliot
Emigration. North America and Australia, 1838. Volume 3. September to December. Agent-General Elliot
Emigration. North America and Australia, 1838. Volume 4. Public Offices
Emigration. North America and Australia, 1838. Volume 5. Miscellaneous A to Z
Printed Documents in this Volume Australian Emigration – Fort William
Nature and Conditions of Assistance By Government to Emigrants to New South Wales
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK