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Title Emigration. Return to an Address of the Honourable House of Commons
Date 4 Mar 1836
Document Type Printed Extract
Reference CO 384/41
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Copies of extracts of any correspondence between the Secretary of States and the Governors of the British Colonies, respecting emigration, not already presented to this House. Return of the number of persons who have emigrated from Great Britain and Ireland, to the British Colonies, and to the Unites State's of America, during the year 1835; distinguishing the ports from which they have sailed, and the countries to which emigration took place. Return of the Number of agricultural labourers who, with their families, have emigrated to New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land; specifying the number of persons in each family, and the amount of assistance granted.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Keywords emigration, government, land grant, employment, labour, social class, agriculture, statistics, exploitation, food, journey conditions
Additional Information This document is part of CO 384/41 from The National Archives, UK.
Language English
Original Volume Emigration. North America and Australia, 1836. Offices and Individuals
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK