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Title Canada and North America. Settlers, 1819. Volume 1. A to L
Date 5 Jan-30 Dec 1819
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/4
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Letters and petitions from prospective settlers in Canada to Earl Bathurst asking for information on land grants and the particulars of passage. Includes information about discharged military men, their families, agricultural workers and Chelsea Pensioners.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Canada
Places Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Canada; Carlisle, Scotland
Ports Plymouth, London, England; Cork, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; Welsh
People Lord Bathurst (Bathurst, Lord Henry); Prince Frederick
Keywords government, legislation, settlement, emigration, women, shipping, passenger, family, children, land grant, agriculture, farming, petition, colony, army, Royal Navy, soldier, sailor, Protestantism, religion, American War of Independence, Napoleonic War, Chelsea Hospital
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Canada and North America. Settlers, 1819. Volume 2. M to Z and Public Offices
Printed Documents in this Volume Address From a Special Meeting of the Emigrants' Society, Held in the Grand Jury Room of the Court-house at Quebec
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK