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Title Emigration, Return to an Address of the Honourable the House of Commons, Dated 23 March 1835
Author Hay, R W
Date 23 Mar 1835
Document Type Printed Extract
Reference CO 384/39
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Copies or extracts of an correspondence between the Secretary of State and the Governors of the British Colonies, respecting Emigration. Return of the number of persons who have emigrated from Great Britain and Ireland, to the British Colonies, and to the United States of America during the years 1833 and 1834; distinguishing the Ports from which they have sailed, and the countries to which emigration took place. Return of the number of agricultural labourers who, with their families, have emigrated to New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land; specifying the Colony to which such emigration took place and the amount of assistance granted. Correspondence respecting emigration.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance
Places New South Wales, Tasmania, Australia
Keywords government, emigration, assisted emigration, unmarried, family, agriculture, labour, employment
Additional Information This document is part of CO 384/39 from The National Archives, UK.
Language English
Original Volume Emigration. North America and Australia, 1835. Volume 2. Public Offices and A to Z
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK