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Title Emigration. North America and Australia, 1832. Commissioners, Public Offices and Individuals
Date 7 Jan-18 Dec 1832
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/30
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Reports from the Commissioners for Emigration and extracts from letters discussing the progress of Canadian emigration. Discusses figures for emigration, the building of road and transportation links and land values. Volume also includes an account of the ship Brutus, which returned to Liverpool owing to a Cholera outbreak and City of Rochester, which was in too poor state to sail safely. Information is also contained on female emigration to Tasmania.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Canada; Australia; United States of America
Places London, Bristol, England; Dublin, Cork, Ireland; Sydney, New South Wales, Tasmania, Australia; Montreal, Quebec, Halifax, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Canada; Leith, Scotland
Ports Liverpool, England
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Brutus; City of Rochester; Red Rover; Camden; Edward; Princess Royal; John Craig; Gilbert Henderson; Caroline; Lord Melville; Minerva
People Earl Grey (Grey, Charles); Viscount Goderich (Robinson, Frederick John); Colborne, Sir J; Lord Aylmer (Whitworth-Aylmer, Matthew); Campbell, Major General Sir Archibald; Maitland, Sir Peregrine; Lord Melbourne (Lamb, Frederick James)
Keywords Royal Navy, children, emigration, assisted emigration, government, colony, land grant, soldier, sailor, agriculture, family, pensions, farming, petition, women, employment, passenger, labourer, Lloyds, transport, transportation, convict, cholera, death, health and sickness, disease, poverty, quarantine, religion
Additional Information Document includes lists of passenger names. This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Printed Documents in this Volume New South Wales, &c. (Crown Lands and Emigration). Return to an Address of His Majesty, Dated 14 September 1831
– Copies of the Royal Instructions to the Governors of New South Wales, Van Diemen's Land, and Western Australia, as to the Mode to be Adopted in Disposing of Crown Lands
Together With Such Parts of Any Despatches Addressed to Them as Relate to the Same Subject, or to the Means by Which Emigration May be Facilitated
Emigration: Report of Commissioners. Return to an Address to His Majesty, Dated 11 August 1832
– Copies of Any Reports From the Commissioners For Emigration to the Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, Since the Last Session of Parliament
Memorandum [From the Admiralty Office]
General Order, No. 504
Supplement to the London Gazette of Tuesday the 27th of March
Provisions For the Voyage From Liverpool to New York, in Fitzhugh and C. Grimshaw's Ships For Each Adult
A Plan of Emigration Which Would Give Employment to Every Person in the Country Capable of Labour, and at the Same Time Relieve the Burdens of the State
Notice to Pensioners
Blank Cork Certificate to be Given to the Female Emigrants
Suggestions for the Arrangement of a Cheap, Regular, and Efficacious Plan of Emigration for the Poor
A Meeting was Held at the Mansion House, Newbury, oj Thursday the 8th of March, 1832, For the Purpose of Forming a Society For Promoting Enquiry Respecting Emigration
For the Information of Persons Intending to Settle in Upper Canada
A Rural Code For the Use of the Old and New Inhabitants of Lower-Canada, Concerning Their Religious and Civil Duties According to the Laws in Force in the Country
Canada Company. Estimate of Share Values
An Address to the Working Classes, Upon Their Present Condition, and the Best Means of Bettering it: With the Letters of William Vines, an Emigrant From Stroud, Containing an Account of His Last Three Years' Life in the United States, and Other Emigrants
An Address to Magistrates, Landowners and Rate-payers
Letters and Extracts of Letters From Swan River
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK