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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1895 and January to March 1896. Volume 1
Date 1 Dec 1894 - 11 Feb 1896
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/191
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches for the West Indies dealing with indentured Indian labourers. Contains immigration reports, ship arrivals, cases of maladministration, information on the treatment of Indians with leprosy and civil unrest in plantations on British Guiana.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) India
Country (to) Mauritius; China; Fiji; Malaysia; Singapore; Windward Islands; Jamaica; St Lucia; Grenada; British Guiana; Tanzania
Ports Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana; Calcutta, India; Hong Kong, China
Nationality Indian; Chinese; Javanese
Ships Vadala; Virawa; Sheila; Grecian; Avon; Avoca; Bann; Ganges; Jura; Mersey; Elbe; Lena; Ems; Arno; Moy
People Jerningham, Hubert E H; Boyle, Cavendish; Bheekharry, John; O'Connor, O L
Keywords government, legislation, Coolie, shipping, journey conditions, health and sickness, medical staff, medicine, surgeon, leprosy, lunacy, provisions, food, agent, labourer, labour, disease, immigration, family, women, female emigration, settlement, colony, transport, finance, racism, discrimination, crime, accommodation, vaccination, violence, riots, revolt, death, plantation, poison
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration) 1895 and January to March 1896. Volume 2. Correspondence – Secretary of State. Despatches: Trinidad. Offices and Companies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1895 and January to March 1896. Volume 3. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
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