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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1889. Volume 3. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Date 12 Jan 1889 - 9 Sep 1890
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript; Report
Reference CO 384/174
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches dealing with Indian labour in the West Indies, including requests for labourers, export duty on sugar, defects within passenger ships and provision of food. Also includes details on Chinese and European emigration schemes to South America.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) India; China; Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Mexico; Borneo; Portugal; United States; Indonesia; Ecuador; Trinidad; Jamaica; Grenada; British Guiana; Mauritius; South Africa; Argentina; West Indies; Australia; Canada; Brazil; New Zealand; St Lucia; Fiji; St Helena
Places Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Australia; Hawaii, United States; Azores, Portugal; Sumatra, Indonesia
Ports Madras, Calcutta, India; Cape Town, Natal, South Africa; Portsmouth, England
Nationality Indian; Chinese; Irish; English
Ships Moy; Allanshaw; Jumna; Foyle; British Peer; Volga; Grecian; Ganges; Rhone; Gilroy; Brenda; Erne
People Nourse, James; Laing, Dr; Hughes, Dr; Clarkson, Dr Booth C
Keywords legislation, government, Coolie, finance, remigration, wages, labour, labourer, medical staff, agent, surgeon, marriage, plantation, health and sickness, death, crofter, postal service, soldier, shipping, emigration, exploitation, accommodation, children, sugar, export, customs, quarantine, food, cargo, poverty, religion
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration and Coolie Immigration, 1889. Volume 1. Despatches (Except British Guiana and Trinidad)
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1889. Volume 2. Despatches British Guiana and Trinidad
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1889. Volume 4. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK