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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1881. Volume 1. Mauritius Despatches
Date 11 Jan 1881 - 6 Feb 1882
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/132
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence to the Secretary of State for the Colonies from and regarding Mauritius and the Seychelles. Subject matter includes the movement of Indian labourers around the West Indies, the working and living conditions of the labourers in Mauritius, and legislation regulating labour in the Colonies. General administration, such as staff appointments and salaries, is also included.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Remigration
Country (from) Mauritius; South Africa; India; Réunion; Seychelles; British Guiana; Fiji; Australia
Country (to) Mauritius; South Africa; India; Réunion; Seychelles; British Guiana; Fiji; Australia
Places Port Louis, Pamplemousses, Riviere du Rampart, Flacq, Grand Port, Savanne, Black River, Plaines Wilhems, Moka, Mauritius; Queensland, Australia; Pondicherry, India
Ports Bombay, Madras, Calcutta, India; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian; African; English; French; Creole
Ships Hope; Picardie; Tranquebar; Hydra; Kishan; Brenda; Berar; Sophia Joakim; Francis; St Jacques; Isabelle; Canada; Fantaisie; Adria; Gazelle; Godavery; Chetah; Tom Morton; British Crown; St Helens; Dupleix; John Allen; Maharanni; County of Berwick; Harmonie; Shah Jehan; Castleton; Swordsman; Portia; Actea; Arundel
People Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Broome, Sir Frederick Napier; Bowen, Sir George Ferguson; Grant Duff, Monstuart Elphintstone
Keywords destitution, hospital, health, sickness, plantation, Thiers' Automatic Ventilator, murder, sugar, labour, labourers, wages, education, slavery, emancipation, journey conditions, crime
Language English; French
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1881. Volume 2. Hong Kong, Straits, Australian and British Guiana Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1881. Volume 3. Trinidad Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1881. Volume 4. Jamaica, Windward and Leeward Islands and Miscellaneous Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1881. Volume 5. Offices and Companies and Crown Agents
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1881. Volume 6. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK