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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 7: Australia and Canada, Canadian Pacific
Date 1910 - Dec 1911
Document Type Pamphlet; Correspondence; Newspaper; Report
Reference RCMS 31/1/127-143, Box 2, Volume 1, Folder 7
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Letters, papers and pamphlets relating to advice issued by the British Immigration League concerning employment opportunities in Australasia. Documents list classes of tradesmen and the wages expected when working in Australia and refer to the large amount of family nominations made for assisted passage with the aim of reuniting families. Newspaper articles stress the demand for farm and domestic labourers, as well as a need to increase the population in Australia. Included is a copy of the Sixth Annual Report of the British Immigration League of Australia, 1910-1911, along with pamphlets and papers respecting wages and work opportunities in Canada.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Responses to Immigration; Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; Canada
Places London, England; Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Canada
Ports Sydney, New South Wales, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Nationality English; European; Australian; Irish
Ships Empress of Britain; Empress of Ireland
People Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; Taviner, Sir John; MacLeod, James
Keywords emigration scheme, shipping, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, farm school, colony conditions, apprenticeship, politics, unemployment, economics, push factor, population, wages, administration, depression, immigration, emigrant selection, eligibility, artisans, domestic service, labourer, application, family, factory, female emigration, propaganda, war, regulations, travel, ticket, railway, fare, mechanics, clothing, luggage, children
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library