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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 33: Tariff and Trade; Standing Emigration Committee; War Service and the War Immigrant
Date Jan 1914 - Dec 1916
Document Type Newspaper; Report; Postcard
Reference RCMS 31/3/96-119, Box 8, Volume 3, Folder 5
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Documents report on levels of unemployment in England, and recent census figures on occupations and marriage. The continuation of training given to young British boys under schemes initiated by Thomas Sedgwick are recorded in various newspaper articles, describing trips made to check on the progress of previous emigrants and funds established to support such ventures. Papers also report on restrictions enforced to prohibit European aliens migrating to Britain. The effect of the Defence Act and conscription on migrant families in New Zealand is also referred to.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Responses to Immigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Austria; Hungary
Country (to) Australia; New Zealand
Places Washington, United States; Wellington, Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand; Australia; India; South Africa
Nationality English; European; Austrian; Hungarian; German; Indian; Asian
People Evans, W A; Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; West-Ridgeway, Sir Joseph; Collings, Jesse
Keywords food, supplies, trade, population, import, emigration, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, unemployment, depression, livestock, family, census, industry, discrimination, alien, regulations, inquiry, citizenship, national identity, poverty, vaccination, insurance, labour union, conscription, health and sickness, legislation
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library