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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 32: Town Lads on Imperial Farms; Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa; The Navy and Military Emigration League; The War Immigrant; New Zealand
Date 1912-1914
Document Type Newspaper; Correspondence; Report
Reference RCMS 31/3/74-95, Box 8, Volume 3, Folder 4
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Items refer to British emigration to South Africa and Australasia in order to improve their defences. Other items refer to 'Coolie' emigration, and the regulation of this. Newspaper articles discuss action taken by the National Council of Women in Canada, and opportunities for women to gain employment as agriculturalists in provinces such as Ontario and Nova Scotia. There is also a copy of 'The Naval & Military Emigration League' Second Report, 1912 detailing statistics and information relative to the appeals of ex-servicemen to emigrate to the colonies.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain; India; Japan; China
Country (to) South Africa; Canada; Australia; New Zealand
Places Scotland; Natal, Durban, Cape Town, South Africa; Ontario; British Columbia; Nova Scotia, Montreal, Canada; India
Ports London, England; Sydney, New South Wales, Melbourne, Victoria, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Nationality English; European; Asian; Japanese
Ships Port Lincoln
People Lane, Sir Ronald B; Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; Scammell, E T
Keywords navy, army, war, emigration, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, unemployment, farm school, emigration scheme, government, emigrant selection, children, wages, colony conditions, living conditions, conscription, legislation, trade, racism, prejudice, indentured labour, Canadian Pacific Railway, philanthropy, statistics, expenses, defence, domestic service, insurance, servant, National Council of Women, women, hospital, health and sickness, nurse, poor law, religion, steamboat
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library