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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 3: Reports and Articles on The Sedgewick Boys' Arrival in New Zealand
Date Mar-May 1911
Document Type Correspondence; Newspaper
Reference RCMS 31/1/48-68, Box 1, Volume 1, Folder 3
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Correspondence and newspaper articles reviewing the reasons behind, and events of, Thomas Sedgwick's experiment. The poor working opportunities in Britain, and the potential of greater employment prospects in New Zealand are referred to continually as the main influence and rationale behind the scheme. Letters and newspaper articles relay accusations that the boys sent were "failures of the old country" and that New Zealand farmers were considered to be 'white slavers'. Letters written by Thomas Sedgwick also give detailed descriptions of the natural flora, fauna and agricultural industry of New Zealand. Many of the newspaper articles relate to the economic and unemployment crisis in Great Britain at the time, giving reports and statistics on public debt and over-population.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand
Places London, England; Taranaki, Wairarapa, Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand
Ports Liverpool, England; Otago, Wellington, Auckland, New Zealand
Nationality English; European
Ships SS Authentic
People Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; Taylor, T E; Millar, J A
Keywords emigration scheme, shipping, children, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, farm school, clothing, colony conditions, port, apprenticeship, politics, unemployment, economics, push factor, population, journey conditions, wages, administration, contract, nature, climate, road, factory, industry, livestock, trade, council, widow, poverty, housing, Trade Union, poor laws, charity, depression, tax, debt
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library