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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 26: New Zealand Development and the Sedgewick Boys
Date Nov 1909 - Mar 1913
Document Type Newspaper; Correspondence
Reference RCMS 31/2/326-349, Box 7, Volume 2, Folder 13
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Letters refer to enquiries made into the success of the three groups of young British boys sent to work as farm labourers as part of an emigration scheme established by Mr Sedgwick. One letter details boys from Liverpool and Ireland having returned as unfit for the scheme due to behavioural issues and absconding from their placements. Newspaper articles and other letters refer to developments made in agricultural industries, to land in Australia and New Zealand, and to provisions made available to emigrants under the 'Land Settlement Finance Act'.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Responses to Immigration
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; Canada; South Africa
Places Victoria, Australia; Ireland; West Ham, London, England
Ports London, Liverpool, England; Wellington, New Zealand
Nationality English; European; Irish
People Sargood. P R; Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; Vincent, Sir Edgar
Keywords apprenticeship, emigration scheme, shipping, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, farm school, colony conditions, settlement, application, finance, push factor, wages, social class, poverty, children, unemployment, manufacturing, import, land, livestock, industry, immigration, labour union, domestic service, legislation, navy, statistics, films
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library