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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 24: Australia
Date Jun 1909 - 1913
Document Type Newspaper; Correspondence; Report
Publisher Information G. Harmsworth & Co.
Reference RCMS 31/2/279-305, Box 7, Volume 2, Folder 11
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Items principally refer to British emigration to Australia as a means to escape the unemployment crisis in Britain. Papers refer to alterations made in Australian migration policy, the development of the agricultural industry, and the establishment of farming schemes for young British boys. Some newspaper articles report on cases of emigrants making a return passage to England after failing to secure employment in Australia. There is also a small pamphlet entitled 'Victoria, The Garden State of Australia. Facts and Figures Illustrating its Progress and Prosperity'.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Responses to Immigration
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia; Canada
Places Brisbane, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Australia; Blackpool, West Ham, London, England
Ports London, England; Adelaide, South Australia, Sydney, New South Wales, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Nationality English; European
Ships Ottranto
People Sedgwick, Thomas Edward
Keywords emigration scheme, shipping, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, farm school, colony conditions, settlement, application, finance, push factor, female emigration, factory, industry, eligibility, artisan, children, assisted emigration, immigration, steamboat, free passage, child migration, population, citizenship, return passage, cost of living, economics, unemployment, export, import, livestock, mechanic, railway, mining, gold
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library