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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 23: Canada and Australia; We are Going on Ontario Farms; Receiving Depot for Immigrants
Date 1910-1936
Document Type Newspaper; Correspondence; Report
Publisher Information S. D. Townsend & Co.
Reference RCMS 31/2/254-278, Box 6, Volume 2, Folder 10
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Items principally refer to the emigration of young British boys and men to Canada and Australia as a means to escape the unemployment crisis in Britain. The development of Canadian states such as British Columbia are reported throughout many of the letters and newspaper articles, promoting the attraction of living and employment prospects. There is also a copy of the 7th Annual Report of the British Immigration League of Australia, 1911-1912.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. Several of the letter here are sent between Mr Sedgewick and government representatives of the Canadian provinces, and discuss the establishment of emigrant schemes to the same as based upon his previous experiments in New Zealand. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Responses to Immigration
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; Canada
Places Winnipeg, Ontario, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Alberta, Canada; Western Australia, Queensland, Australia; West Ham, London, England; Panama Canal, Panama
Ports London, England; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Nationality English; European
People Lawrence, G; Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; McBride, Richard; Borden, R L; Sparrow, E S; Bowder, A
Keywords emigration scheme, shipping, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, farm school, colony conditions, apprenticeship, colony, colonisation, settlement, application, finance, push factor, unemployment, Ragged Schools, army, assisted emigration, railway, population, wages, friendly societies, mining, living conditions, livestock, industry, prairie, music, marriage, family, army veteran, eligibility, steamboat, cooperatives, mortality rates, banking
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library