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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 22: Boy Migration; Canada, Australia and New Zealand
Date Jun 1912 - Sep 1913
Document Type Newspaper; Correspondence
Reference RCMS 31/2/225-253, Box 6, Volume 2, Folder 9
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Items principally refer to the emigration of young British boys and girls to Canada as a means of escaping the unemployment crisis in Britain. There are also letters and newspaper articles referring to reports of the success of emigration schemes sending British boys to Australia and New Zealand to work as farm labourers, and the call for more groups to be sent to meet the labour demands there. Regulation and the cease of Hindu immigration into Canada is also reported on in various newspaper articles.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Responses to Immigration
Country (from) Great Britain; China; Japan
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; Canada
Places Vancouver, British Columbia, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; India; Victoria, Australia
Ports London, England
Nationality English; European; Japanese; Chinese, Asian
People Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; McConnell, H A; Legge, J G; William, Roland
Keywords Canadian Pacific Railway, railway, emigration scheme, shipping, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, disease, health and sickness, farm school, colony conditions, apprenticeship, colony, colonisation, settlement, application, finance, push factor, unemployment, Canadian National Railways, food, journey conditions, tobacco, Christianity, welfare
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library