The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 16: Board of Guardians and Imperial Populations
Date Feb-Mar 1912
Document Type Newspaper; Correspondence
Reference RCMS 31/2/54-80, Box 5, Volume 2, Folder 3
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Newspaper articles and correspondence refer to the scarcity of labour in Australia, Canada and New Zealand and the improved wages and living conditions awaiting British emigrants there. Actions taken by labour authorities to organise emigration are frequently referred to. Descriptions of farm work taken on by boys sent under the Sedgwick scheme are described in detail, as are the poor quality jobs available in London and other English cities for their peers who remain in Britain. Some newspaper articles refer to the living conditions and usual diets of female domestic servants in Canada.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Responses to Immigration; Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; Canada
Ports London, Liverpool, England; Auckland, New Zealand
Nationality English; European
Ships Titanic
People Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; Edwards, T Dyer; Lamb, David C; Burns, John
Keywords government, emigration scheme, farm school, colony conditions, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, history, immigration, trade, crime, population, unemployment, wages, poverty, accommodation, orphan, music, living conditions, food, domestic service, women, hostel, tax, poor laws, fundraising, free passage, finance
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library