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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 1: Arrival in New Zealand, 1910-1911
Date Oct 1910 - Feb 1911
Document Type Correspondence; Photograph; Newspaper
Reference RCMS 31/1/1-23, Box 1, Volume 1, Folder 1
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Papers, newspaper clippings, photographs and ephemera relating to the first party of boys sent from Liverpool and London to New Zealand under the care of Thomas Edward Sedgwick in 1911. The various items relay the conditions that the boys were expected to anticipate on arrival in New Zealand, the towns and entertainment there, as well as day-to-day life, tasks at the farms schools to which they were assigned and the wages the boys could expect for the duration of their apprenticeship. There is a detailed letter written by Sedgwick to his sister describing the voyage, the food available, the development and character of the boys, as well as any cases of sickness amongst them. Other letters reveal Sedgwick's intention to extend his scheme to Canada and Australia. Included is a list of the 'Sedgwick Boys'. Pamphlets and papers of the Shaw Savill & Albion Company are also included; the shipping company with whom the trip was organised.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Canada
Places London, England; Christchurch, New Zealand
Ports Liverpool, England; Brisbane, Queensland, Hobart Town, Tasmania, Australia; Wellington, New Zealand
Nationality English; European
Ships SS Authentic
People Taylor, Thomas; Gibson Smith, Canon; Sedgwick, Thomas Edward
Keywords emigration scheme, shipping, children, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, farm school, clothing, colony conditions, entertainment, town, public services, domestic life, apprenticeship, wages, finance, passenger list, passage money, geology, climate, steamboat, ticket, luggage, regulations, allotments, land, national identity, class, food, health and sickness, journey conditions
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library