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Title Registers of Correspondence, Orders, Statistics, etc., and Miscellaneous Register of Correspondence with Public Officers Abroad
Date 8 Feb 1869 - 21 Mar 1877
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/164
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Register of correspondence covering the receipt of colonial laws and statistics, shipping, mining, meteorology, colonial finances, indentured labour, the lack of female migrants to some colonies, and official publications.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Ships and Shipping Lines
Places Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Canada; Bermuda; Maldon Island; Starbuck Island; Natal; Cape of Good Hope; Falkland Islands; British Guiana; Jamaica; Trinidad; Barbados; Bahamas; St Kitts; St Lucia; China; Western Australia, New South Wales, Tasmania, Queensland, Victoria, Australia; St Vincent; Grenada; British Honduras; Tobago; Antigua; New Zealand; Mauritius; Dominica
Ports Calcutta, Madras, India
Ships Atalanta; Glendower; Scythia; Sobraon; Dunbar Castle; Iron Duke; Silver Eagle; Canning; British Commodore; Coldstream; Tornado; Houghomont; Great Britain; Priscilla; Philosopher; Neva; Dover Castle; Rohilla; Medea; Wellesley
Keywords weather, wages, surgeon, agent, female emigration, coolie, indentured labour, labourer, mining, land, artisan, dockers, mining, legislation, statistics, child migration, guano, coal, communication, clothing, finance, money, clothing, land sale, crown lands, land grant, troopship
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK