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Title Registers of Correspondence, Orders, Statistics, etc., and Miscellaneous Register of Applications for Passages to the Colonies for Convicts' Families
Date 1848-1873
Document Type Legal Papers
Reference CO 386/154
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Register recording each application made for convicts' families, including registry number; application number; ship in which transported; names of persons included in permission; residence; marital status; children; references contacted; references returned; nature of reply; ship and remarks. Due to the number of ships, and places listed in this register only a select few have been highlighted to indicate the most prevalent.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia
Places Tasmania, New South Wales, Western Australia, Australia
Ports Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia
Nationality English; European
Ships Lady Amherst; Phoebe Dunbar; Reubens; King of Algeria; Dolphin; Lightning; Escort; Sir George Seymour; Layton; Garland; Duke of Richmond; British Sovereign; Lady Raffles; Orator; Waverley; Andromeda; Waverley; Coromandel; Cadet; Hope; Triton; Pekoe; Java; Hive; Clyde; Norfolk
Keywords convict, colony, transportation, transport, family, children, application, shipping, unmarried, marriage,
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK