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Title Registers of Correspondence, Orders, Statistics, etc., and Miscellaneous Press cuttings, advertisements, etc. Relating to the Colonial Land and Emigration Board
Date 1841-1847
Document Type Newspaper; Map; Legal Papers
Reference CO 386/155
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Miscellaneous newspaper articles and adverts relative to emigration regulations, schemes, and affairs of the Colonial Land and Emigration Board. Particular items of note are articles on the wreck of the 'Cataraqui' emigrant ship during its voyage from Liverpool to Australia on 4 August 1845, and adverts stipulating eligibility criteria for free passage and emigration to Australian colonies. An index is included at the beginning of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Ships and Shipping Lines; Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia; New Zealand; Canada; South Africa; Ecuador
Places Tasmania, South Australia, Australia; Auckland, New Zealand; Goderich, Ontario, Montreal, Toronto, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, Cape Breton, Canada; Jamaica; Trinidad; British Guiana; Sierra Leone; Natal, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; St Helena; Mauritius; China; Falkland Islands; Texas, United States; Yorkshire, Bedfordshire, Staffordshire, Nottinghamshire, England
Ports Sydney, New South Wales, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Port Essington, Canada; Liverpool, England; Cape Town, South Africa
Nationality English; European; Irish
Ships St George; Jane Gifford; Duchess of Argyle; Cataraqui; Lalla Rookh; Himalaya; Catherine
People Goldsmith, A A; Robinson, G R; Finlay, C W; Carpenter, Edward; Walcott, Stephen; Christophers, Joseph S; Willis, Henry H
Keywords Passengers' Act, colony, colonisation, administration, banking, newspaper, company shares, finance, bounty emigration, advertisement, emigration scheme, government, shipwreck, shipping, death, family, children, population, labourer, agriculture, emigrant selection, commissionaires, agent, eligibility, employment, domestic service, female emigration, mining, mechanics, carpenter, workhouse, charity, free passage, regulations, colony conditions, rations, tailor, benevolent society, Bank of England, land, parliament, Canada Company, charter, export, climate, luggage, steamboat, canal, food, provisions, victualling, surgeon, administration, freight, insurance, passage broker, wine, steerage journey conditions, social class, eligibility, free passage, railway, emigrant selection, carpenter, labourer, agriculture, construction, domestic services, women, female emigration, bounty emigration, government, corn
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK