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Title Registers of Correspondence, Orders, Statistics, etc., and Miscellaneous List of Ships Chartered, 1855-1864
Date 1855-1864
Document Type Shipping Papers
Reference CO 386/184
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Register of ships chartered by the Government Emigration Commissioners, listing the names of ships, their port of departure, destination, brokers and surgeons, deaths and births on board, and the numbers of emigrants carried. Includes minuted remarks, and a list of ships carrying the wives and families of soldiers stationed in India. An index of ships is included at the start of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Ships and Shipping Lines; Journey Conditions; Remigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Germany
Country (to) Australia; New Zealand; South Africa; Natal; St Helena; Falkland Islands; Sri Lanka; Canada; Pakistan
Places Canterbury, New Zealand
Ports Southampton, Liverpool, Plymouth, London, England; Brisbane, Queensland, Hobart, Launceston, Tasmania, Sydney, New South Wales, Geelong, Melbourne, Victoria, Adelaide, South Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Karachi, Pakistan; Madras, Bombay, Calcutta, India; Stanley, Falkland Islands; Auckland, New Zealand; Cape Town, South Africa
Nationality English; Scottish; Irish; German; European
Ships Coldstream; Vocalist; Nugget; Morning Star; Hooghly; Atalanta; Talbot; Escort; Montmorency; Lloyds; Euphrates; Asiatic; Kate; Persia; Fitz James; Hotspur
Keywords shipping, surgeon, female emigration, child migration, administration, death, assisted emigration
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK