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Title Registers of Correspondence, Orders, Statistics, etc., and Miscellaneous Accountant's Department. Instructions and Authorities
Author Merivale, Herman; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Walcott, Stephen; Rogers, Frederic; Wood, C Alexander; Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward
Date 7 Jul 1848-1858
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/177
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Copies of out-letters and memoranda covering a wide range of subjects, including the appointment of staff and medical officers, the administration of the Commission, the fitting-out of ships, liberated Africans, communications with the colonies, emigrant depots, hospital ships, outbreaks of cholera, emigration from Madeira, and the funding of assisted migration. An index is included at the start of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Ships and Shipping Lines; Journey Conditions; Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Sierra Leone; St Helena; China; India; Madeira
Country (to) Australia; New Zealand; Falkland Islands; Trinidad; British Guiana; Jamaica; Cape of Good Hope
Places London, England; Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Australia; Dublin, Ireland
Ports Cork, Limerick, Sligo, Cobh, Ireland; Southampton, Deptford, Liverpool, Plymouth, England; Glasgow, Scotland; Sydney, New South Wales, Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia; Madras, Calcutta, India
Nationality English; European; Irish; Scottish; Chinese; Asian; Indian; Portuguese; African
Ships Edmond; Adeline; Duchess of Northumberland; Royal George; Southampton; Windsor; City of Manchester; Bucephalus; Bellairs; Growler; Covenanter; Conway; Dirigo; Inconstant
People Duke of Newcastle (Pelham-Clinton, Henry Pelham); Pakington, Sir John; Lord Howick (Grey, Henry)
Keywords emigration, assisted emigration, child migration, female emigration, army veteran, navy veteran, police, surgeon, victualling, administration, regulations, legislation, money, finance, lighthouse, transportation, victualling, postal service, indentured labour, agent, gratuity, medical examination, mining, wages, land sale, cholera, disease, police, slavery, Liberated Africans, labourer, education, hospital, wages, coolie, charity, clothing, emigration society, guano
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK