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Title North American Settlers, 1830. Volume 1. Public Offices and Individuals, A-G
Date 3 Jan-16 Dec 1831
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/24
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of letters relating to assisted emigration from Great Britain to Canada and the United states in 1831. These include petitions from military pensioners and their families to the Secretary of State for the Colonial Department. Many military pensioners have indicated their income.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Canada; United States of America
Places Bally Shannon, Galway, Ireland; Guernsey; New South Wales, Australia
Ports Plymouth, England; Dublin, Ireland
Nationality Irish; English
People Somerset, Major General; Lord Melbourne (Lamb, Frederick James); Viscount Goderich (Robinson, Frederick John)
Keywords land, land grant, assisted emigration, parliament, government, farming, agriculture, family, death, finance, trade, military, emigration society, petition, army, pensions, health, sickness
Language English
Document(s) linked to North American Settlers, 1831. Volume 2. Offices and Individuals, Miscellaneous H-Z
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK