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Title New Zealand Company, Wellington Original Despatches, 1842
Author Wakefield, William Hayward; Smith, Captain William; Swainson, William
Date Jan-Dec 1842
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/100
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters to and from the New Zealand Company officers, primarily Colonel Wakefield, discussing purchases of land from indigenous peoples and the difficulties of settling the land, reports from Captain Smith, Surveyor General, to William Wakefield regarding expeditions, account statements for salaries, shipping and other expenditures, letters regarding the arrival of emigrant ships, finding work for newly arrived immigrants, statements of labourers employed in road building, journals discussing the activities of Company agents in New Zealand, violence committed against settlers and cadet activities. Also included are various handwritten census reports of indigenous populations and disease amongst them. Printed material includes supplements to the New Zealand Government Gazette, 28 July 1841 and 6 April 1842.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Responses to Immigration; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand
Ports Port Nelson, New Plymouth, Wellington, Port Nicholson, New Zealand
Nationality Maori; English; European
Ships London; Blenheim; Slains Castle; Lady Nugent; Olympus; Lord William Bentinck; Catherine Stewart Forbes; Tyne; Arab; Gertrude; Surprize; Tory; Aurora; Oriental; Bengal Merchant; Duke of Roxburgh; Adelaide; Bolton; Martha Ridgway; Brougham; Lloyds; Clifford; Mandarin; Sir Charles Forbes
People Governor Hobson (Hobson, Captain William); Halswell, Edmund; Spain, William; Hunter, George; Shortland, Willoughby
Keywords New Zealand Company, surveying, violence, land sale, labourer, employment, indigenous people, surgeon, child migration, death, infant mortality, infrastructure, livestock, health and sickness, disease, finance, accounts, shipping, exploration, expenses, agent, population
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK