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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 7001-end
Date Dec 1841
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/23
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters mainly relaying applications made to emigrate to colonies in New Zealand, as well as embarkation orders to the directors of the New Zealand Company. Some of the initial letters discuss the introduction and cultivation of tobacco in New Zealand with "the view of making it an article of export". Many letters here also refer to land orders and sales of allotments in New Zealand settlements such as Nelson. Some letters advise against allowing certain passengers to make the journey, owing to illness and impending confinement prior to childbirth. Other letters refer directly to the payment of money to company share holders and several demonstrate attempts to contact news rooms and libraries throughout Britain in order to circulate advice literature about the colonies. There are also printed embarkation orders signed by company agent Joseph Phipson. There is a printed copy of an advert issued by the New Zealand Company for "Free Passage", listing all those eligible and the relative regulations. At the end of this item there is also a manuscript report listing and then describing in detail the character and culture of the indigenous populations in New Zealand.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia
Places London, Gravesend, Newcastle, Birmingham, Devon, Cornwall, Winchester, England; Nelson, New Plymouth, New Zealand; Virginia, United States; Glasgow, Edinburgh, Scotland
Ports Wellington, New Zealand; Liverpool, England
Nationality English; European; Scottish; Māori
Ships Aurora; Brougham; Burman; Clifford; London
People Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Ward, John; Maiben, John; Menzies, Duncan; Phipson, Joseph; Fraser, Alex; Bridger, William; Jackson, Joseph; Gillingham, Robert; Wakefield, William Hayward
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, social class, shipping, administration, agent, freight, export, tobacco, agriculture, expansion, business, manufacturing, cotton, land sale, property, free passage, labourer, company shares, finance, banking, shipwreck, trade, surgeon, luggage, family, children, women, health and sickness, medical staff, land, land sale, allotments, Catholicism, clergy, religion, advertisement, accounts, steerage, fare, advice literature, publishing, passage money, languages, mining, library, mechanics, Devon and Cornwall Banking Company, emigrant selection, skilled emigration, wages, furniture, apprenticeship, literature, commerce, passage broker, Church of England, census, indigenous people, chief, government
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK