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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 501-1000
Date Jan-Nov 1843
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/39
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters mainly relaying applications made to emigrate to colonies in New Zealand sent to the directors of the New Zealand Company. Many make enquiries into the cost of passage, availability of opportunities and how much luggage they may take. Others note those eligible for free passage, including agricultural labourers, medical staff and mechanics. There are also letters referring to payment of finances to those with company shares. There is a letter sent of behalf of trustees of the British Museum, thanking the directors for sending five new specimens of birds from Australia and New Zealand for the national collections. Other letters refer to the selling of allotments of land and the establishment of church settlements in New Zealand, as well as the company's legal affairs relative to contested right's and control over ship owners. There are some enclosed printed items, such as articles from The London Gazette, no. 20222, and a notice announcing the opening of the "Hall of Commerce, Arbitration, Committee and General Subscription Rooms" in London. There is also a copy of The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, no. 1714, dated 19 May 1843. Another printed item of note is a copy of a speech made by Charles Buller in the House of Commons in April, 1843 on "Systematic Colonization". There are also manuscript enclosures, including extracts from diaries of passengers having travelled to New Zealand. The journal of a man named Andrews, dated 22 January 1842 describes the journey conditions, the lack of provisions and death of children on board. There are also statements of expenditure of the emigration department, listing to whom and for what services certain expenses were paid between January and June 1842, and lists of those rejected by the commissioners of emigration. Reports and notes made by Edward Porter of the British consulate in Bahia are also included.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain; New Zealand
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; India
Places Leeds, England; Nelson, Wellington, Auckland, New Zealand; Tasmania, Australia; Glasgow, Scotland; Bahia, Brazil; India
Ports Port Nelson, New Zealand; London, Liverpool, Gravesend, England; Hamburg, Germany
Nationality English; European; Māori; Scottish
Ships Bombay; Phoebe; Sir Charles Forbes; London; Lloyds; Ursula; Mary; Tyne; Bengal Merchant; Clyde; British Sovereign; Fifeshire; William Stoveld; Blenheim; Thomas Harrison; Timandra; Clifford; Bolton; Birman; Lord Auckland; Brougham; Mary Ann; St Pauli; George Fyfe; Buller; Charles; Mayflower; Prince of Wales; Arab; Eleanor; Gertrude; Coromandel; Oriental; Olympus; Martha Ridgeway
People Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Ward, John; Wakefield, Edward G; Wansey, George; Wakefield, William Hayward; Austin, Thomas; Porter, Edward; Cooper, Richard; Browne, William; Somes, Joseph
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, social class, shipping, administration, finance, agent, family, children, women, free passage, regulations, climate, journey conditions, health and sickness, diarrhoea, agriculture, farming, employment, land sale, land, property, servant, company shares, banking, accounts, animals, museum, trade, skilled emigration, emigrant selection, court, settlement, church, burial and graves, death, literature, advertisement, newspaper, ship owner, freight, labourer, labour, wages, railway, empresario, luggage, climate, law, industry, manufacturing, flax, library, charter, merchant, clergy, passage money, provisions, food, water, medical staff, expenses, export, coal, languages, indigenous people, rations, construction
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK