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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 4501-5000
Date Aug-Sep 1841
Document Type Correspondence; Newspaper
Reference CO 208/18
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters relay applications sent to the directors of the New Zealand Company by those seeking to emigrate to the British colonies, stating their credentials for various positions. Most of the applications are made in response to national advertisements by those wishing to take positions as either teachers, engineers, land surveyors, agricultural labourers and mechanics. There are also letters addressed to the directors by the Union Bank of Australia and other emigration officials, some of which make a case for the emigration of various orphans of service men in the Bengal Artillery, and refer to embarkation orders. There is a letter dated 2nd of September 1841, detailing the invention of a "periscope gallery" to be 'used as a look-out observatory for the Telegraphie and other purposes'. A small selection of printed material is also captured here, including Embarkation Order papers issued by the Company, a copy of forms to be completed by "persons desirous of obtaining a Free passage to South Australia" and a "Rules and Regulations" notice "to be observed by the steerage passengers from Liverpool to Port Phillip and New Zealand on board the ship Two Sisters". There is also a newspaper clipping relaying the outbreak of smallpox on board a migrant ship, describing the New Zealand Company's problematic business affairs and the regret of many emigrants who find themselves in New Zealand and disappointed at the conditions of the colony.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; United States of America
Places Nelson, Wellington, New Zealand; London, Andover, Manchester, Birmingham, Cambridge, Newport, England; Dundee, Aberdeen, Scotland; New England, United States
Ports Glasgow, Scotland; Le Havre, France; New York City, United States; Rotterdam, Holland; Montreal, Canada; Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia; Belfast, Northern Ireland; Plymouth, Liverpool, England
Nationality English; European; Scottish
Ships Oriental; Fifeshire; Mary Ann; Kelso; Martha Ridgeway; Two Sisters; Lloyds; Aurora; Blenheim
People Sinclaire, Sir George; Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Ward, John; Selwyn, Reverend George; Alston, H F; Fitzgerald, Michael; Somes, Joseph; Coote, Sire Charles; Howe, John; Wakefield, Captain Arthur; Drake, James
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, social class, education, shipping, wages, finance, surveying, employment, banking, steerage, family, land sale, literature, commerce, trade, debt, passage money, loan, religion, church, Church of England, Christianity, clergy, agent, advertisement, newspaper, free passage, labourer, steamboat, insurance, business, unmarried, engineering, road, construction, architecture, mechanics, army, pension, orphan, East India Company, railway, science, cartography, infrastructure, surgeon, freight, election, court, allotments, settlement, poor laws, marriage, shipwright, regulations, administration, coffee, food, provisions, rations, clothing, merchant, medical staff, small pox, government, quarantine, demographics, vermin, parliament, health and sickness, water, children, surveying, Union Bank of Australia
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK